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Western Pennsylvania Mensa
Revision approved April, 2000


1: Abbreviations
2: Percentages
3: Deadline Dates
4: Deadlline Date Postmark
5: Qualified Members
1: Name
2: Group Association
3: Mensa Logo
1: Membership
2: Participation
1: Membership Status for Officers
2(a): ExComm as Governing Body
2(b): Authority and Duties
2(c): Voting Rights
3(a): Term of Office
3(b): Definition of Term
4: Term Limitations
5: Quorums
6(a): Filling Vacancies
6(b): Announcing Appointments
7(a): Appointed Officers
7(b): Voting Status
8: Term of Office
9(a): Proxy Votes
9(b): Electronic Participation/ Voting
9(c): Voting/Actions without Meetings
1(a): Stewardship
1(b): Business Files
1(c): Right to Appoint
2(a): LocSec
2(b): Operating Directives
2(c): Duties
2(d): Committee Responsibilities
2(e): Annual Report and Budget
3(a): Vice LocSec
3(b): Duties
3(c): Succession
4(a): Recording/Corresponding Secretary
4(b): Duties
5(a): Treasurer
5(b): General Duties
5(c): Legal Duties
5(d): Fiscal Duties
5(e): Fiscal Verification
5(f): Sub-Treasurers
5(g): Aid to Editor
5(h): Committee Responsibilities
6(a): Newsletter Editor
6(b): General Duties
6(c): Organizational Duties
6(d): Official Duties
6(e): Membership Access
6(f): Editorial Standards
6(g): "No Edit"
6(h): Transfer of Duties
7(a): Mediators
7(b): Duties
7(c): Standards
8(a): Arbitrators
8(b): Duties
8(c): Right of Combined Offices
1: Authority Reference
1: Regular Meetings
2: Special Meetings
3: Annual General Membership Meeting
4: Access Rights
5: ExComm Absence
1: Fiscal Review
1(a): Tellers
1(b): Duties
1(c): Teller Rulings
1(d): Publicity Duties
2: Nominating Petitions
3: Validity
4: Campaign Statements
5(a): Minimum Nominations
5(b): The Election
5(c): Newsletter Mailing
6(a): Location
6(b): Verification and Counting of Ballots
7: Publication
8: Declaration of Office
9: Date of Succession
10: Challenges
1(a): Removal from the ExComm
1(b): Removal of Appointed Officers
1(c): Voting Restrictions
2: Recall Petition
3(a): Announcement of Recall
3(b): Establishment of Recall
3(c): Recall Procedure
4: Recall Time Restriction
1: Starting the Procedure
2: Tellers
3: First Publication
4: Commentary and Second Publication
5: Deadline
6: Ballot Procedures
7: Presentation and Results
8: Publication of Results
9: Effective Date
10: Distribution
1: Invalidation

  Section 1: Abbreviations that may appear in these Bylaws, and in other documents published by, for, or on behalf of Western Pennsylvania Mensa include, but are not restricted to:
  • AMC, taken to mean American Mensa Committee
  • AML, taken to mean American Mensa, Ltd.
  • ExComm, taken to mean Executive Committee
  • LocSec, taken to mean Local Secretary
  • Newsletter, taken to mean the official monthly publication of Western Pennsylvania Mensa, currently known as the Phoenix
  • RG, taken to mean Regional Gathering
  • RVC, taken to mean Regional Vice-Chairman
  • SIG, taken to mean Special Interest Group
  • WPAM, taken to mean Western Pennsylvania Mensa
  Section 2: In these Bylaws, in all cases in which percentages of the membership are specified, the required percentage will be of the membership of WPAM shown on the most recent roster received from American Mensa, Ltd.
  Section 3: In these Bylaws, in all cases in which a specific calendar date is deemed a deadline, and said date falls on a Sunday, or any day declared a holiday by the United States postal authorities, said deadline will be presumed to be extended to the following calendar date. This section shall also apply in situations that may be commonly accepted as due to "Acts of God or Nature."
  Section 4: In these Bylaws, in all cases in which a specific calendar date is deemed a deadline in connection with an election or referendum, such petitions, ballots, etc., shall be considered timely submitted and valid if they are delivered to the Teller(s) through the Postal System carrying a dated postmark that is no later than one day before the required deadline date.
  Section 5: In these Bylaws, in all cases in which the term "qualified member(s)" is used, it shall be taken only to mean any member of WPAM who satisfies the membership requirements as stated in Article II, Section 1.

  Section 1: The name of this local group of American Mensa, Ltd., shall be "Western Pennsylvania Mensa."
  Section 2: Said Western Pennsylvania Mensa (WPAM) is a local group of American Mensa, Ltd. (AML), and is subject to the Constitution of Mensa, the Bylaws of AML, and the resolutions adopted by the American Mensa Committee (AMC).
  Section 3: AML has granted a royalty-free, non-exclusive license to WPAM for the use of the mark "Mensa" and a logo, consisting of a globe over a stylized "M" within a border, in connection with the non-commercial uses of WPAM. AML retains full ownership of the mark and logo and all statutory and common law rights in said mark and logo.

  Section 1: Membership in WPAM shall be open to all members of AML in good standing in the geographic areas assigned to the local group by AMC, or as otherwise assigned by AML.
  Section 2: Members of American Mensa in good standing who are not also members of WPAM are welcome to participate in the social activities of WPAM at the discretion of the host or hostess, but may not vote, hold office, nor otherwise participate in the official business or policy-making activities of the local group. In exception, the National Ombudsman, or his/her designee, and members of the AMC shall be permitted to participate in the business affairs of the local group in the discharge of their official duties.

  Section 1: All officers shall be qualified members of AML and WPAM.
  Section 2(a): The governing body of this local group shall be an Executive Committee (ExComm) of ten qualified members elected by the general membership and chaired by a Local Secretary (LocSec).
  2(b): The ExComm shall elect or appoint all officers as specified in these Bylaws, authorize all activities and events of WPAM, establish an operating budget and responsibly oversee all financial matters, act as final local authority in disputes of any kind within WPAM, and fulfill all other normal responsiblities of a governing board.
  2(c): Only members of the ExComm, whether elected or appointed as replacements, are permitted to vote on official business.
  Section 3(a): The term of office for any member of the ExComm is one year, or the balance of a term until the next regular election.
  3(b): "One full term" shall be defined as service of at least seven full months of a term.
  Section 4: Any member of the ExComm, whether elected or appointed, serving three consecutive full terms shall be ineligible to serve in that position further until one full term has elapsed following completion of the third term of office.
  Section 5: A quorum shall consist of at least six members of the ExComm for all purposes other than filling vacancies on the ExComm. For purposes of filling vacancies on the ExComm, a quorum shall consist of a simple majority of the remaining members of the ExComm.
  Section 6(a): The ExComm shall, between elections, appoint interested qualified members to fill any vacancy on the ExComm after publishing notice of such vacancy in the next scheduled issue of the group Newsletter. Said notice shall invite members wishing to serve in that position to attend the next regularly scheduled ExComm meeting, to be held no later than 60 days from publication of notice of the vacancy.
  6(b): All appointments made by the ExComm shall be published in the next issue of the group Newsletter.
  Section 7(a): Any number of non-voting officers can be appointed from among the entire membership of WPAM, shall serve at the pleasure of the ExComm, and may be removed from their position(s) for any reason by the person who had appointed them, or a majority vote of a quorum of the ExComm. Tellers, however, may not be removed from office except for non-performance of their duties.
  7(b): Non-voting officers shall be considered members ex officio of the ExComm, but may not be counted for a quorum.
  Section 8: The term of office of non-voting officers and committees may not exceed the term of office of the ExComm or officer appointing them, except when the function/ duties of such officers or committees normally extends beyond the current term of office. Such officers and committees may be removed or dissolved by the succeeding Excomm or officer which would otherwise appoint them.
  Section 9(a): Proxy votes are not permitted in ExComm meetings, or in any election held by WPAM.
  9(b): Any one or more members, but not to exceed one-fifth of the members of the ExComm, may participate in a meeting of the ExComm by means of a conference telephone, video system or similar communications arrangement allowing all persons participating in the meeting to hear each other in real time, at the same time. Participation through such means shall constitute presence-in-person at a meeting.
  9(c): Any action required or permitted to be taken by the Bylaws may be taken without a formal meeting if, after a communication to all members of the ExComm (by the LocSec) or committee (by its chairman), a majority of same consent in writing to the adoption of a resolution authorizing that action. The action shall be announced at the next formal meeting of the ExComm and shall be reported in the minutes of that meeting.

  Section 1(a): It is the responsibility of all officers of WPAM, voting and non-voting, to act as stewards of the rights of all members of WPAM as granted by the Constitution of Mensa. No officer shall knowingly institute, promote or agree to any policy or action that violates, circumvents or denies said rights.
  1(b): All officers, voting and non-voting, shall keep a current file of business transacted and shall relinquish, within 4 weeks of leaving office, unless otherwise provided for within these Bylaws, all files, equipment, and other materials which are the property of WPAM to their successors, the Local Secretary, or the ExComm. All said files, equipment, and other materials, including original artwork and photographs, may not be transferred to anyone outside the control of WPAM without the expressed and recorded consent of the ExComm. (Violation of this Section may be cause for action by AML, and may also constitute violation of Civil Law leading to legal action.)
  1(c): Any officer shall, with the consent of the ExComm, have the right to appoint any qualified member(s) of WPAM to act as committee members, assistants, sub-chairmen or managers to aid him/her in the proper execution of their stated duties.
  Section 2(a): The ExComm shall appoint, by majority vote at the Annual General Membership Meeting announcing its election, one of its members to serve as Local Secretary (LocSec). Said LocSec shall be the principal administrative officer and shall preside at all meetings of WPAM and of the ExComm.
  2(b): The LocSec shall be thoroughly familiar with the organization's bylaws and accepted rules of parliamentary procedure, and shall obey all lawful directives of the ExComm and AML.
  2(c): The LocSec shall serve as liason between AML or other Local Groups and WPAM, and will pass along information to and from these groups in a timely fashion. He/she shall notify AML (through the national office) within two weeks of the results of elections, and/or of changes in the officers of WPAM.
  2(d): The LocSec shall be an ex officio member of all committees and shall appoint such special committees as may be authorized by the Bylaws and the ExComm, and as he/she deems appropriate.
  2(e): The LocSec shall render a condensed annual report and an appropriate operating budget to the ExComm in a timely fashion, with the assistance of the Treasurer and the ExComm where appropriate.
  Section 3(a): The ExComm shall appoint, by majority vote at the Annual General Membership Meeting announcing its election, one of its members to serve as Vice Local Secretary (Vice LocSec).
  3(b): The Vice LocSec shall act as assistant to the LocSec, shall preside at all meetings of WPAM and of the ExComm in the absence of the LocSec, and shall be responsible for recording the minutes of all ExComm meetings in the absence of the Recording Secretary.
  3(c): The Vice LocSec shall automatically succed to the office of LocSec if that office becomes vacant.
  Section 4(a): The ExComm shall appoint, by majority vote at the Annual General Membership Meeting announcing its election, one of its members to serve as Recording/Corresponding Secretary.
  4(b): The Recording/Corresponding Secretary shall keep accurate records of the minutes of all ExComm meetings, shall notify officers, delegates and committees of their appointment, shall send notices of all business meetings to the group Newsletter and shall conduct all other necessary official correspondence unless otherwise provided for or ordered by the ExComm.
  Section 5(a): The ExComm shall appoint, by majority vote at the Annual General Mem-bership Meeting announcing its election, either one of its members or a qualified member from the general membership to serve as Treasurer. If the Treasurer is not a member of the ExComm, he/she shall become a member ex officio, but may not be counted for a quorum nor permitted to vote on ExComm business.
  5(b): The Treasurer shall be responsible for all financial matters and shall be the custodian of all WPAM funds, including the finances of the Newsletter, the Scholarship Fund, and any special event such as a Regional Gathering (RG) sponsored by WPAM.
  5(c): The Treasurer shall deposit all funds of WPAM, in the organization's name, in appropriate accounts in such banking institutions as the ExComm may authorize. The Treasurer and the LocSec shall be individually authorized to sign checks on the account subject to a maximum limit set by the ExComm. If required by circumstances, a maximum of two additional qualified members, preferably officers, may also be granted such authorization.
  5(d): The Treasurer shall submit to the ExComm a semi-annual financial report containing schedules of income, expenses and balances for all funds under control of WPAM, including all special funds, which shall also be published in the February and August issues of the group Newsletter, and shall furnish a report at such other times as required by the ExComm. This report shall also include a list of all equipment and other physical property owned by WPAM. (See Article VII)
  5(e): The Treasurer shall submit to the LocSec, at least quarterly, the actual statements from the group's bank, and from any other organizations where the group's funds are deposited, or cause a statement to be sent directly to the LocSec or his/her designee (who must also be a member of the ExComm).
  5(f): When an event (such as an RG) has its own Treasurer or Registrar responsible for the collection and dispersal of funds specifically for that event, said Treasurer or Registrar will release all funds and financial records of that event to the Treasurer of WPAM no later than 4 weeks after the close of the event.
  5(g): The Treasurer may assist the Editor or the Editor's Business Manager in the preparation and submission of any postal forms that might be required.
  5(h): The Treasurer shall automatically be a member ex officio of any Finance Committee, or of any committee of any kind that requires the collection and/or disbursement of funds.
  Section 6(a): The ExComm shall appoint, by majority vote at the Annual General Membership Meeting announcing its election, either one of its members or a qualified member from the general membership to serve as Editor. If the Editor is not a member of the ExComm, he/she shall become a member ex officio, but may not be counted for a quorum nor permitted to vote on ExComm business.
  6(b): The Editor shall be responsible for the monthly publication of the group Newsletter and shall be responsible to the ExComm, which shall have the final authority in a dispute over suitability of material to be published. The Editor shall be solely responsible for the gathering, determination, editing, and arrangement (style and layout) of the content, whether text or graphic, of the Newsletter, and shall produce, or cause to be produced, mechanical artwork suitable for reproduction for each issue.
  6(c): The Editor shall be responsible for the establishment of mechanical standards, an advertising policy, submission and printing deadlines, fulfillment of postal requirements and all other like matters to guarantee timely delivery of the Newsletter.
  6(d): The Editor is required to include in each issue of the Newsletter a statement of policy for submissions, a directory of all elected and appointed positions with enough information (address, phone, etc.) to facitate access by any qualified member, a calendar of events (with directions where necessary), and any official notices of the ExComm, including, but not restricted to, minutes of meetings, election requirements, requests to fill vacancies and timely announcements of officially-sponsored events.
  6(e): The Editor shall insure that any qualified member may exercise the right to have any member-sponsored activity and/or recognized local or national Special Interest Group (SIG) event listed in the calendar of activities of the group Newsletter, provided such activity is within the geographic area encompassed by WPAM and is open to all interested members. Member-sponsored local events in conflict with either the Annual General Meeting or the RG may be declined Newsletter publicity, at the discretion of the ExComm.
  6(f): The Editor shall encourage submissions in good taste of any type, controversial or otherwise, from members for publication. The Editor is required to reject outright, submissions that are personal attacks upon members or others, libelous, in violation of US Copyright Law, or of an overwhelmingly vulgar nature meant soley to shock.
  6(g): The Editor has the right to reject an article or letter with a "No Editing" note due to space limitations. In cases of a submission which the Editor considers questionable or unsuitable, the Editor shall attempt to reach an amicable solution with the writer. If this cannot be done, the Editor may withdraw the item and request theExcomm resolve the matter at the next regular business meeting.
  6(h): When relinquishing the position of Editor for any reason, the Editor shall turn all records, files, tools and equipment belonging to WPAM over to the LocSec, ExComm, or new Editor within 15 days of said relinquishment.
  Section 7(a): The ExComm shall appoint, by a majority vote, no more than two qualified members of WPAM who are not elected nor appointed members of the ExComm to serve as Mediators. The Mediators shall be ex officio members of the ExComm but may not vote on ExComm business.
  7(b): Mediators shall pursue local resolution of disputes between members within WPAM, and therefore, shall become familiar with the Constitution of Mensa and the Bylaws, Guidelines and orders of AML and WPAM. The Mediators shall have the right to request any and all appropriate documentation, testimony or other evidence they deem necessary to perform their duties. At completion, whether successful or not, the Mediators will report their actions and the current status or resolution of the dispute to the ExComm.
  7(c): Said Mediators shall attempt to remain neutral and unbiased in both demeanor and action, and may use any acceptable methodology or process that they deem appropriate for resolution as long as they do not violate the Bylaws and standards of AML or WPAM.
  Section 8(a): The ExComm shall appoint, by a majority vote, no more than two qualified members of WPAM who are not elected or appointed members of the ExComm to serve as Arbitrators. The Arbitrators shall be ex officio members of the ExComm but may not vote on ExComm business.
  8(b): Arbitrators shall make themselves available to serve as representatives to a Regional Hearings Committee which shall pursue resolution of disputes within local groups other than WPAM.
  8(c): Positions of Mediator and Arbitrator may be held by the same person(s).

  Section 1: The rules contained in Robert's Rules of Order, most recent edition, shall be the parliamentary authority in all cases not covered by these Bylaws. A copy shall be provided to each new ExComm.

  Section 1: Regularly scheduled membership and ExComm meetings shall be held at least quarterly. All such meetings shall be announced in advance in the group Newsletter and shall be held within the geographical boundaries of WPAM.
  Section 2: Special meetings for a specific purpose(s) may be called as needed by the LocSec, or upon written request by any three ExComm members, or on petition by five percent (5%) of all qualified WPAM members. Such special meetings must be held within fifteen days of receipt by the ExComm of a written request. Members who have expressed interest in attending such meetings must be informed by the ExComm of the meeting date, location and time. The agenda for Special Meetings may include only that business for which the meeting was called.
  Section 3: An Annual General Membership Meeting shall be held for the purpose of counting ballots of the regular election and the presentation of annual reports from the officers to the membership within the month of April. Said Annual Meeting can be considered the final regularly scheduled meeting of the ExComm as required in Section 1.
  Section 4: All WPAM members in good standing are entitled and welcome to attend all Business, Editorial, and RG Planning Committee meetings.
  Section 5: If an ExComm member is absent from any three scheduled business meetings in any one term, such absences shall constitute automatic resignation from the ExComm; in exception, the ExComm by a majority vote of the remaining members may declare such resignation void if extenuating circumstances exist.

  Section 1: A review of the Treasurer's records shall take place within the month of April each year. This review shall be conducted by someone who was not involved in the collection or disbursement of funds at any point during the preceding year, and shall include the viewing of all financial statements from every bank or financial institution where WPAM funds are deposited.

  Section 1(a): By December 7 of each year, the ExComm shall appoint, by a majority vote, one or more Tellers who shall act as election officials. Said Tellers are to be appointed from the qualified membership of WPAM by the ExComm and may neither be members of the ExComm during the current term, nor candidates for such a position during their terms as Tellers.
  1(b): Tellers shall supervise all elections, and receive all nominating petitions, all candidates' statements for publication, and the sealed ballots, at which time the Tellers shall have the responsibility for counting the ballots, certifying the results, resolving any challenges, and insuring the publication of the election results in the Newsletter.
  1(c): Any necessary election rulings not covered by the Bylaws of WPAM and AML shall be made by the Tellers.
  1(d): Teller(s) shall insure that the January issue of the group Newsletter carries a call for nominations, instructions for nominating petitions and candidates' campaign statements, and the names and address of the appointed Teller(s) to whom the nomination petitions are to be mailed or otherwise delivered.
  Section 2: Each candidate must submit a nominating petition which shall be in writing (understood to be typed, hand written or a mechanically reproduced original or copy), dated and signed by the nominee and at least five qualified members of WPAM. No person may be elected to the Executive Committee without having submitted a valid petition in accordance with these bylaws.
  Section 3: For a nominating petition to be considered valid, it must be received by the Teller(s) no later than February 7 of the current election year. Votes for write-in candidates are not permitted and shall not be counted.
  Section 4: Candidates may, when delivering their nominating petitions, submit a campaign statement to the Teller(s) to accompany the mailed ballot. The maximum length of the statement shall be determined by the Tellers and shall not be subject to editing except when it violates the provisions of Article IV, Section 7(f). Nothing in this section shall be construed as preventing a nominee from mailing his/her own campaign statement at his/her own expense to the membership at large.
  Section 5(a): If ten or fewer valid nominating petitions are received, these nominees shall be declared to be elected, and any and all balloting procedures for these nominees shall be dispensed with.
  5(b): If more than 10 valid nominating petitions are received, an election shall be held. As directed by the Tellers, the ballots listing all valid candidates shall be prepared and expeditiously mailed to all current members of WPAM by March 1. The listing of nominees' names on the ballots and election statements shall be in random order, the randomizing method to be determined by the Tellers. These ballots shall be accompanied by any and all campaign statements received as a result of Section 4 of this Article together with an addressed return envelope. All ballots must be returned by mail or by hand to the Tellers by the time and date specified on the official ballot. The return envelope shall have a place for the signature of the voter, and his/her printed name and address, such information provided to ensure validity of the voter. In no case will a printed ballot be used that can in any way identify the voter.
  5(c): Ballots and accompanying campaign statements may physically be included as part of the group Newsletter as long as appropriate provision is made for an inserted return envelope, and the mailing of the Newsletter is before March 1.
  Section 6(a): Ballots shall be counted at the Annual General Membership Meeting which shall be held in April.
  6(b): Tellers shall in the presence of all interested parties, check the ballot envelopes for validity, open and separate the ballots from the cover envelopes, record all valid ballots received and announce the final counts.
  Section 7: Tellers shall deliver the election results to the Editor who shall publish the results of the election in the next issue of the group Newsletter.
  Section 8: Those ten nominees ranking highest in vote totals, or up to ten nominees if declared elected in accordance with Article VIII, Section 5(a), shall be declared the new ExComm and shall assume office upon official announcement of the election results by the Tellers at the Annual General Membership Meeting. Any vacancies due to declination or insufficient nominations shall be filled in accordance with Article III, Section 6(a).
  Section 9: Under no circumstances, including unforeseen delay of the Annual General Membership Meeting, shall the newly elected ExComm be prevented from taking office before the first day of May immediately following the election.
  Section 10: Any challenges to the election must be made in writing to the Teller(s) within 15 days of the counting of the ballots. Any such challenges must be ruled on by the Teller(s) within 15 days of the receipt of the challenge. Any actions taken by the ExComm while a challenge is pending shall not be affected by the outcome of said challenge.

  Section 1(a): A member of the ExComm can be removed from office for gross cause by a unanimous vote of the remaining members of the ExComm.
  1(b): Any non-voting officer, coordinator, etc., may be removed from office by a majority vote of the ExComm, or upon the presentation of a petition signed by 30% of the qualified membership of WPAM.
  1(c): No officer may vote on his/her own appointment to or removal from office, and may not vote on any issue relating to his/her conduct in office.
  Section 2: Any and all voting members of the ExComm may be removed for cause by a Recall Election called by a petition signed by ten percent (10%) of the qualified members of WPAM, clearly stating the reason(s) for the recall and the specific member(s) to be recalled. Said petition shall be presented at either a regular business meeting or a special meeting called for such purpose. To be valid, said petition must be presented "in person" to the ExComm by a qualified member of WPAM.
  Section 3(a): A Recall Election with a call for potential replacements must be announced in the issue of the group Newsletter immediately after the presentation of the petition.
  3(b): At said meeting where the Recall Petition is presented, the ExComm shall establish a date for balloting which shall be no more than 60 days after the presentation of the petition. At the same meeting, the ExComm shall appoint (a) Teller(s) who shall fulfill the same duties as a Teller during a regular election.
  3(c): All appropriate provisions as stated in Article VIII: ELECTION PROCEDURE, shall apply in a Recall Election except in such cases where they are in conflict with any provision within this Article. All dates should be adjusted appropriately, and the ballot count may take place at a regularly scheduled meeting, if the timing is appropriate, or at a Special Meeting specifically called for such purpose. In the case of a Recall Election, all ballots must be cast by mail.
  Section 4: No Recall Petition shall be acted upon within ninety days prior to a regularly scheduled election.

  Section 1: Amendments to these Bylaws may be originated by the ExComm, a Bylaws Study Group appointed by the ExComm, or by petition signed by at least five percent (5%), of the qualified members of WPAM, but no fewer than 20 members, and submitted to the ExComm for action. The ExComm shall submit proposed amendments to the American Mensa Committee (AMC) for approval within 30 days of completion or receipt.
  Section 2: Upon the approval of the proposed amendments by the AMC, the ExComm shall appoint (a) Teller(s) who shall establish the timetable and publication details, receive, verify, tally and certify votes, and cause the publication of balloting results.
  Section 3: The Teller will submit the proposed amendments, together with an explanation to the Editor for publication in the next scheduled issue of the group Newsletter.
  Section 4: The second-next issue of the Newsletter after the issue that carried the first publication of the proposed amendments must carry a reprint of same, together with a mail ballot and balloting instructions. The interim Newsletter shall carry any pro/con statements submitted, limitations on which, if any, are determined in advance by the Teller. Except for the provisions of Article VII, Section 7(f), such statements shall not be edited.
  Section 5: Balloting deadline shall be no less than ninety days after the first nominal publication date of the proposal. "Nominal" is to be interpreted as the first day of the month listed on the outside front cover of the Newsletter.
  Section 6: All ballots shall be cast by mail and sealed in an envelope on the outside of which the voting member's signature, printed name and address must be clearly visible.
  Section 7: Voting may be for the entire set of Bylaws, by Section or by Article, depending on the degree of change, practicality and interrelationship of sections as determined by the ExComm. Ballot amendments, to be accepted, must be approved by a simple majority of the votes cast.
  Section 8: Balloting results shall be published in the local group Newsletter as quickly as practical. Said results shall also be filed as a complete set of Bylaws with the AMC Bylaws Committee and the National Office of AML.
  Section 9: Amendments shall become effective on the date of the filing of said amendments with the AMC.
  Section 10: Copies of the updated bylaws must be made available to all local members on demand and to all new local members upon joining.

  Section 1: Invalidation of any part of these Bylaws by American Mensa, Ltd. or under provisions of law shall invalidate that portion only.

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